Does Medicare Cover Behavioral Health Services?
Medicare covers multiple types of behavioral health services for prevention, management and treatment of conditions ranging from obesity to depression. Original Medicare also helps pay for services using the Psychiatric Collaborative Care Model — a behavioral health integration service.
Behavioral Health Services that Medicare Covers
Medicare Part B helps beneficiaries pay for a variety of behavioral health services. Several behavioral screening services are included in your “Welcome to Medicare” visit and your Medicare annual wellness visits.
You must be enrolled in Medicare Part B, and your doctor or other health care provider must accept Medicare.
Typically, you will be responsible for a coinsurance payment — 20 percent of the Medicare-approved cost of services after paying your Part B deductible. Medicare will typically cover the remaining 80 percent. But, depending on services you receive, you may also have to pay a fee or copayment for services.
Medicare also covers other mental health services.
A Medigap policy can help with your deductible, coinsurance and copayment costs. Medicare Advantage plans, which are required to cover everything Medicare Part A and Part B cover, may provide additional benefits that Original Medicare does not cover.
Medigap and Medicare Advantage plans are sold by private insurers. Check with your plan’s administration to find out what your benefits are.
Does Medicare Cover the Psychiatric Collaborative Care Model?
Medicare may pay your doctor or other health care provider if they offer the Psychiatric Collaborative Care Model. Medicare defines this model as “a set of integrated behavioral health services, including care management support.”
The collaborative care model is typically used to manage depression, anxiety and related issues, which may also be treated as discrete conditions covered under Medicare.
The model creates a collaborative care team consisting of a primary care provider and a team of specialists that work together and with you to manage your behavioral health condition.
- Primary care provider
- Behavioral healthcare manager
- Other top licensed mental health professionals
Your Costs for Collaborative Care Under Medicare
You must be enrolled in Medicare Part B medical insurance before Original Medicare will cover the integrated services of collaborative care. Medicare Advantage plans will also cover this care.
You will be responsible for your Medicare Part B deductible and 20 percent of the Medicare-approved cost after that. You will also have to pay a monthly fee.
Your doctor or other health care provider will ask you to sign an agreement to receive collaborative care. The agreement will set out the list of services provided on a monthly basis.
Also make sure your providers are enrolled in Medicare and accept assignment — meaning they agree to accept the Medicare-approved cost for your services. Remember, you will still be responsible for a monthly fee on top of your coinsurance.
How Does the Collaborative Care Model Work Under Medicare
The Psychiatric Collaborative Care Model provides a set of integrated behavioral health services. This includes care management support.
- An ongoing assessment of your behavioral health conditions (such as depression or anxiety)
- Medication support
- Planning your care for your condition
- Other treatments your health care provider may recommend
Your collaborative care team builds a care and treatment plan for you and your specific conditions and situation. The plan is built on evidence-based guidelines and focus on helping patients who are not meeting their clinical goals.
It combines care from multiple mental health professionals based on your needs.
The Psychiatric Collaborative Care Model is one of several integrated behavioral health models designed as “whole-person care.”
You can find a behavioral health care provider near you by searching the CMS database or the treatment locator on the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s website. SAMHSA’s resource provides detailed information about each facility, including the type of care offered, treatment approaches practiced and forms of payment accepted.
Before signing an agreement for care, ask if the services you will receive are covered by Medicare.
7 Cited Research Articles
- U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2021, March). Behavioral Health Integration Services. Retrieved from https://www.cms.gov/Outreach-and-Education/Medicare-Learning-Network-MLN/MLNProducts/Downloads/BehavioralHealthIntegration.pdf
- U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2021, September). Medicare and Your Mental Health Benefits. Retrieved from https://www.medicare.gov/sites/default/files/2021-09/11358-Medicare-and-Your-Mental-Health-Benefits-Getting-Started.pdf
- Unützer, J. et al. (2013, May). The Collaborative Care Model: An Approach for Integrating Physical and Mental Health Care in Medicaid Health Homes. Retrieved from https://www.chcs.org/media/HH_IRC_Collaborative_Care_Model__052113_2.pdf
- American Psychiatric Association. (n.d.). Learn About the Collaborative Care Model. Retrieved from https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/professional-interests/integrated-care/learn
- SAMHSA. (n.d.). Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator. Retrieved from https://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/
- U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (n.d.). Behavioral Health Integration Services. Retrieved from https://www.medicare.gov/coverage/behavioral-health-integration-services
- U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (n.d.). Mental Health Care (Outpatient). Retrieved from https://www.medicare.gov/coverage/mental-health-care-outpatient