Annuity Payouts and Payment Types

During the annuitization phase, annuity premiums are converted into a stream of periodic payments. There are several ways to receive these payouts from the insurance company. The best option for you depends on your current financial needs and future retirement goals.

Rachel Christian, writer and researcher for RetireGuide
  • Written by
    Rachel Christian

    Rachel Christian

    Financial Writer and Certified Educator in Personal Finance

    Rachel Christian is a writer and researcher for RetireGuide. She covers annuities, Medicare, life insurance and other important retirement topics. Rachel is a member of the Association for Financial Counseling & Planning Education.

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  • Edited By
    Matt Mauney
    Matt Mauney, Senior Editor for RetireGuide

    Matt Mauney

    Financial Editor

    Matt Mauney is an award-winning journalist, editor, writer and content strategist with more than 15 years of professional experience working for nationally recognized newspapers and digital brands. He has contributed content for ChicagoTribune.com, LATimes.com, The Hill and the American Cancer Society, and he was part of the Orlando Sentinel digital staff that was named a Pulitzer Prize finalist in 2017.

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  • Financially Reviewed By Toby Walters, CFA®
  • Published: May 6, 2020
  • Updated: August 23, 2022
  • 4 min read time
  • This page features 6 Cited Research Articles
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APA Christian, R. (2022, August 23). Annuity Payouts and Payment Types. RetireGuide.com. Retrieved September 25, 2022, from https://www.retireguide.com/annuities/payout/

MLA Christian, Rachel. "Annuity Payouts and Payment Types." RetireGuide.com, 23 Aug 2022, https://www.retireguide.com/annuities/payout/.

Chicago Christian, Rachel. "Annuity Payouts and Payment Types." RetireGuide.com. Last modified August 23, 2022. https://www.retireguide.com/annuities/payout/.

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Key Principles

RetireGuide’s mission is to provide seniors with resources that will help them reach important financial decisions that affect their retirement. Our goal is to arm our readers with knowledge that will lead to a healthy and financially sound retirement.

We’re dedicated to providing thoroughly researched annuity information that guides you toward making the best possible financial decisions for you and your family.

We partner with Senior Market Sales (SMS), a leader in the insurance industry with over 30 years of experience and a network of 66,000 independently licensed agents across the United States.

Our partnership with SMS (and Insuractive, the company’s consumer-facing branch) allows us to deliver expertly researched and reviewed content at no cost or obligation to all of our visitors. It also gives our visitors the opportunity to take the next step in their financial journey by requesting help from our partner through the phone numbers or forms provided on our website.

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The content and tools created by RetireGuide adhere to strict editorial guidelines to ensure quality and transparency.

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While the experts from SMS are available to help you navigate various annuity options, RetireGuide retains complete editorial control over the information it publishes.

We operate independently from SMS, which allows the award-winning RetireGuide team to provide you with unbiased information.

Visitors can trust our inflexibility regarding our editorial autonomy. We do not allow our partnership to influence RetireGuide’s editorial content whatsoever.
Key Takeaways
  • Annuities are more flexible than most people realize. You have full control of when and how you want to start receiving annuity payments.
  • Your annuity grows more tax-free interest the longer you wait to start payment streams.
  • Many annuities guarantee a fixed income stream for life.

When Do Annuity Payments Start?

When you purchase an annuity, you must decide when you want payments from the insurance company to begin.

Like so many aspects of your annuity contract, you have options.

Do you want payouts to begin right away? An immediate annuity might work for you.

Or, do you want your money to grow tax-deferred over time before retirement? In that case, a deferred annuity may better suit your needs.

Immediate vs. Deferred Annuities
Annuity Payout TypePayments BeginPotential Buyers
ImmediateWithin a year after purchasePeople who plan to retire soon can use it to supplement income.
DeferredA time in the future, such as retirementPeople who want to grow money tax-deferred for use in retirement.

Period Certain vs. Guaranteed Lifetime Payments

After selecting either a deferred or immediate annuity, you must consider how long you wish to receive payouts from the insurer.

Annuities can provide guaranteed income for life — or for a certain period of time. They may also offer money to your beneficiary after you die.

Two popular payout options are life and period certain.

John Clark, licensed insurance advisor and owner of Senior Solutions Insurance Agency, explains the different types of annuity payouts.

Guaranteed Lifetime Payments

Life annuities, as the name implies, pay out for the rest of your life. They may also be called single life, life only or straight life annuities.

This option helps protect against longevity risk, or the threat of outliving your money in retirement.

This protection is increasingly relevant as a growing number of Americans report inadequate retirement savings.

According to Northwestern Mutual’s 2020 Planning & Progress Study, 22 percent of Americans have less than $5,000 saved for retirement — and 36 percent of respondents said they don’t know how much they have saved.

The amount of a life annuity payout is determined by how much you invest and your life expectancy.

Life annuities do not guarantee money for your heirs or spouse after you pass away.

Period Certain

Period certain annuities only guarantee payments for a specific amount of time. It’s like term life insurance, which only provides coverage for a set number of years.

If you die before the end of your contract period, your beneficiary receives the rest of your payments for the remaining period.

Period certain annuities do not hedge against longevity risk.

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Our financial experts can guide you through the annuity buying process so you can focus on your retirement, asset protection or income generation.

Other Annuity Payout Options

Life and period certain are popular annuity payout options, but other methods exist that may better suit your needs.

Life with Period Certain

Life with period certain is a hybrid annuity payout option. It guarantees payments for life while also ensuring that your beneficiary receives the rest of your annuity payments if you pass away during a certain time.

For example, let’s say you purchase a life annuity with a 10-year period certain.

If you pass away after three years, there’s still seven more years of contractual payments to your beneficiary. But if you die after 11 years, your beneficiary won’t receive any annuity money.

Lump-Sum Payment

Instead of spreading out payments over time, you can choose to receive a one-time lump-sum payout from the annuity provider.

This option may sound appealing, but it carries major tax consequences. Receiving all the money at once requires you to pay income tax on the entire sum when tax season arrives.

Systematic Withdrawals (Fixed Amount)

This option allows you to choose the dollar amount of payouts along with how many payments you want to receive.

However, systematic withdrawals do not guarantee income for life. How long payments last depends on the amount of money in your annuity account.

Joint-Life

Joint and survivor annuities payout to your beneficiary for the rest of his or her life after you die. This option is popular with married couples.

Payments are calculated on the life expectancy of both you and your survivor. This reduces the amount of each payment you receive.

Life Expectancy Calculator Mockup Calculate Your Life Expectancy
Life expectancy is a key factor in determining how much money you will need in retirement. Use our calculator to estimate how long you will live.
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Choosing the Right Payout on Your Annuity

Purchasing an annuity is a big decision. Consider your priorities, the amount of money you need each month in retirement and how long you want payments to last.

You should also determine if it’s important for a beneficiary to receive money from the annuity if you unexpectedly pass away.

Annuities are complex insurance products. It’s best to speak with a professional financial advisor first. An experienced advisor can give you guidance on the costs and benefits of purchasing an annuity.

Last Modified: August 23, 2022

6 Cited Research Articles

  1. Martin, E. (2019, June 26). Here’s how much Americans have saved for retirement. Retrieved from https://www.cnbc.com/2019/06/26/how-much-americans-have-saved-for-retirement.html
  2. Northwestern Mutual. (2020). 2020 Planning & Progress Study. Retrieved from https://news.northwesternmutual.com/planning-and-progress-2020
  3. Lankford, K. (2018, July 11). A Tax-Friendly Way to Get Income for Life. Retrieved from https://www.kiplinger.com/article/retirement/T003-C001-S001-a-tax-friendly-way-to-get-income-for-life.html
  4. Updegrave, W. (2018, May 2). One way to get retirement income for the rest of your life. Retrieved from https://money.cnn.com/2018/05/02/retirement/immediate-annuities-explainer/index.html
  5. CNN Money. (n.d.). What payout options do I have? Retrieved from https://money.cnn.com/retirement/guide/annuities_basics.moneymag/index8.htm
  6. Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. (n.d.). Selecting Retirement Payout Methods. Retrieved from https://www.finra.org/investors/learn-to-invest/types-investments/retirement/managing-retirement-income/selecting-retirement-payout-methods