Annuities are a contract you buy into to provide you with regular payments over a set period of time – or for the rest of your life, providing you a guaranteed lifetime income in retirement. Your employer may provide you with an annuity option or you can buy them through a life insurance company.
Facts About Annuities
People typically buy annuities to guarantee an income in retirement. In recent years, they have become an alternative to pensions which have been disappearing from the private sector. But annuities also provide other benefits.
Narrowing Your Annuity Choices
There are several ways to classify the various types of annuities, annuity taxation features and other qualities. You can use these classifications to narrow your choices to the type of annuity that may work best for you.
Annuities have features that make them particularly useful as an investment for retirement. They can ensure your retirement security and provide an income stream once you no longer have a salary.
Types of Annuities
There are several types of annuities, but most fall into three basic categories: fixed annuities, variable annuities and indexed annuities.
Types of Variable and Fixed Annuities
Within these three basic types of annuities, there are several different subtypes that offer different features. Many can be purchased as either a fixed or a variable annuity.
- Fixed period annuities
- A fixed period annuity pays a fixed amount of money routinely over a specified number of years. The amount of payouts depends on the amount of money put into the annuity.
- Single premium annuities
- A single premium annuity is purchased with a single payment. The money may be invested for growth as a deferred annuity or for a short time as an immediate annuity.
- Flexible premium annuities
- Flexible premium annuities are only available as deferred annuities and are purchased through a series of payments.
- Lifetime annuities
- A lifetime annuity provides a guaranteed income for the life of the annuitant. Another version allows a beneficiary to continue receiving an income stream after the first annuitant dies.
- Qualified annuities
- A qualified annuity allows you to invest and distribute money in an IRA, Keogh plan or other qualified retirement plan. Money placed into a qualified annuity is not taxable as income.
- Nonqualified annuities
- A nonqualified annuity is one purchased outside of a tax-favored retirement plan. Taxes are deferred until you withdraw your money from the annuity.
Annuity Payout Options
Your annuity payout options are determined when you first purchase an annuity. There are three main options you can choose from: deferred, immediate and inherited payouts.
Choosing an Annuity Payout Option
You have six basic annuity payout options. These determine how long you’ll receive payouts, how frequently they happen and how much each annuity payout will be.
Buying annuities requires doing research into annuity rates and companies as well as comparing the various plans available. You want to find an annuity that meets your needs and fits within your budget.
Independent broker-dealers and independent agents account for most annuity sales to individuals – a combined 44 percent of all individual annuities sold in 2020. Most of the annuities sold through these independent financial professionals included annuities from some of the most recognizable names in the insurance industry.
Comparing annuities can seem confusing at first, but if you keep in mind what you want to accomplish with an annuity, you can clear much of the confusion.
- Compare benefits – not features:
- Once you settle on your objective – say lifetime income – features like investments or payout schedules will fall into place more easily.
- Don’t be overwhelmed by annuity types:
- Different classifications and types of annuities can accomplish different goals. Know what your goal is and focus on the type that gets you there.
Talking with a financial professional can help you stay focused and present you with the best possible annuity options to compare – and ultimately reach your retirement goals.
You can also browse commonly asked questions regarding annuities when you read our annuity FAQs.
5 Cited Research Articles
- Texas Department of Insurance. (2021, August 6). Annuities Guide. Retrieved from https://www.tdi.texas.gov/pubs/consumer/cb078.html
- Internal Revenue Service. (2021, July 1). Annuities – A Brief Description. Retrieved from https://www.irs.gov/retirement-plans/annuities-a-brief-description
- Securities and Exchange Commission. (n.d.). Annuities. Retrieved from https://www.investor.gov/introduction-investing/investing-basics/investment-products/insurance-products/annuities
- Insurance Information Institute. (n.d.). Annuities Basics. Retrieved from https://www.iii.org/article/annuities-basics
- Insurance Information Institute. (n.d.). Facts and Statistics: Annuities. Retrieved from https://www.iii.org/fact-statistic/facts-statistics-annuities