Medicare Premiums

Medicare premiums are monthly fees beneficiaries pay for their Medicare coverage. In 2020, the Medicare Part B standard premium is $144.60 a month. Most people pay no premiums for Medicare Part A, while premiums for Medicare Part D drug coverage and Medicare Advantage plans vary.

2020 Premiums for Original Medicare

Original Medicare includes Medicare Part A hospital insurance and Part B medical insurance. The U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services adjust the premiums for the following year in the fall.

Medicare Part A Premium

There is no Medicare Part A premium for most people. The hospital coverage is premium-free if you have worked and paid Medicare payroll taxes for at least 10 years — measured as 40 quarters by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS).

If you haven’t met that 10-year mark, you can buy Medicare Part A, but the premiums will cost you $458 per month. Only about one percent of Medicare beneficiaries have to pay for Part A coverage.

Medicare Part B Premium

The Medicare Part B standard premium went up about seven percent in 2020 to $144.60 a month from $135.50 in 2019. The CMS cited rising prices for doctor administered medications as the driving force behind the hike.

But people making more than $87,000 in 2018 will have to pay even higher premiums than the 2020 standard.

Medicare Part B uses a complex formula to determine the amount of your monthly premium. The cost is based on your modified adjusted gross income. That’s adjusted gross income plus any tax-exempt interest reported on your most recent tax return.

That most likely means the taxes you paid on your 2018 income for your 2020 premium. The formula also takes into account whether you filed an individual tax return, a joint return or you were married but filed separately.

2020 Medicare Part B Premiums (Based on 2018 Tax Return)
Filed an Individual Tax ReturnFiled a Joint Tax ReturnMarried Filing Separately Tax ReturnMedicare Part B Premium for 2020
$87,000 or less$174,000 or less$87,000 or less$144.60
More than $87,000 up to $109,000More than $174,000 up to $218,000N/A$202.40
More than $109,000 up to $136,000More than $218,000 up to $272,000N/A$289.20
More than $136,000 up to $163,000More than $272,000 up to $326,000N/A$376.00
More than $163,000 but less than $500,000More than $326,000 but less than $750,000More than $87,000 but less than $413,000$462.70
$500,000 or above$750,000 or above$413,000 and above$491.60

If you had a major life changing event in the two years since your last tax return, such as a change in your marital status, losing a job or loss of pension or income-producing property, you can request the Social Security Administration to adjust your premium.

Did You Know?
Medicare supplement insurance (Medigap) does not help pay Medicare premiums.

Medicare Advantage Premiums

The CMS estimates that the average Medicare Advantage premiums for 2020 are the lowest in 13 years. The agency figured monthly premiums dropped an average of 14.4 percent from $26.87 in 2019 to $23 in 2020.

Medicare Advantage plan premiums have declined for two years in a row, down 23 percent overall since 2018, according to the CMS. At the same time, plan choices, benefits and Medicare Advantage enrollment have all increased.

There are about 1,200 more Medicare Advantage plans available in 2020 than there were in 2018 and CMS projected the number of people enrolled in the plans to increase to 24.4 million in 2020.

For the most part, plans with cheaper premiums may offer far fewer benefits than those with more expensive premiums. Be sure to compare plans to get the coverage you want or need at a price you can afford.

Medicare Advantage Plans in Your State
You can check out average prices and the number of plans available in your state with state-by-state fact sheets at the U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services website.

Medicare Part D Premiums

Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage is optional. Some Medicare Advantage plans also incorporate prescription drug coverage. Monthly premiums vary from plan to plan.

Most people only pay their monthly premium for Medicare Part D coverage. But people with higher incomes also have to pay an additional fee based on their income reported to the Internal Revenue Service. For 2020, that would most likely be based on 2018 income.

2020 Medicare Part D Premiums (Based on 2018 Tax Return)
Filed an Individual Tax ReturnFiled a Joint Tax ReturnMarried Filing Separately Tax ReturnYour Monthly Premium in 2020
$87,000 or less$174,000 or less$87,000 or lessYour plan premium
More than $87,000 up to $109,000More than $174,000 up to $218,000N/A$12.20 + your plan premium
More than $109,000 up to $136,000More than $218,000 up to $272,000N/A$31.50 + your plan premium
More than $136,000 up to $163,000More than $272,000 up to $326,000N/A$50.70 + your plan premium
More than $163,000 but less than $500,000More than $326,000 but less than $750,000More than $87,000 but less than $413,000$70.00 + your plan premium
$500,000 or above$750,000 or above$413,000 and above$76.40 + your plan premium

The extra amount you pay is not part of your plan premium and you do not pay it to your Medicare Part D insurer.

In most cases, the extra amount will be held out of your Social Security check. If it isn’t withheld, you’ll get a bill from either the Social Security Administration or the Railroad Retirement Board.

You also have to pay the extra fee if you are in a Medicare Advantage plan that includes prescription drug coverage.

If you don’t pay the extra fee, you can lose your Medicare Part D coverage.

Last Modified: May 14, 2020

12 Cited Research Articles

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  2. Laurence, B.K. (2020, January 1). Medicare Premiums, Deductibles, and Copays Change for 2020. NOLO. Retrieved from https://www.nolo.com/legal-updates/medicare-premiums-deductibles-and-copays-change-for-2020.html
  3. U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2020, January). 2020 Medicare Costs. Retrieved from https://www.medicare.gov/Pubs/pdf/11579-Medicare-Costs.pdf
  4. O’Brien, S. (2019, November 11). Here’s How Much More You’ll Pay for Medicare Part B in 2020. CNBC. Retrieved from https://www.cnbc.com/2019/11/11/heres-how-much-more-youll-pay-for-medicare-part-b-in-2020.html
  5. Livingston, S. (2019, November 8). Drug Spending Drives Higher 2020 Medicare Part B Premiums, Deductibles. Retrieved from https://www.modernhealthcare.com/medicare/drug-spending-drives-higher-2020-medicare-part-b-premiums-deductibles
  6. U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2019, November 8). 2020 Medicare Parts A & B Premiums and Deductibles. Retrieved from https://www.cms.gov/newsroom/fact-sheets/2020-medicare-parts-b-premiums-and-deductibles
  7. U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2019, September 24). Trump Administration Drives Down Medicare Advantage and Part D Premiums for Seniors. Retrieved from https://www.cms.gov/newsroom/press-releases/trump-administration-drives-down-medicare-advantage-and-part-d-premiums-seniors
  8. U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (n.d.). Pay Part A & Part B Premiums. Retrieved from https://www.medicare.gov/your-medicare-costs/pay-part-a-part-b-premiums
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