Does Medicare Cover Hepatitis B Vaccination?

Medicare covers the cost of hepatitis B vaccinations if you are at medium or high risk for the hepatitis B virus. Your risk depends on certain medical or lifestyle conditions. Your doctor can determine if you are at medium to high risk and eligible for Medicare coverage for a hepatitis B vaccination.

When Will Medicare Cover a Hepatitis B Vaccination?

Hepatitis B vaccinations are considered a preventive service covered by Medicare Part B medical insurance.

To qualify, you must be enrolled in Medicare and meet Medicare’s definition of medium or high risk for the virus. Your doctor makes the determination of your eligibility based on a list of medical conditions and other factors that increase your risk.

Risk Factors for Hepatitis B Virus
  • Diabetes
  • End-stage renal disease (ESRD)
  • Hemophilia
  • You are a health care worker and have frequent contact with blood or other body fluids
  • You live with someone who has hepatitis B

If your doctor determines you are at medium or high risk, you will pay nothing for the hepatitis B shot so long as your doctor or other qualified health care provider giving you the vaccination accepts Medicare.

Medicare Advantage plans will also pay for your shot since these private plans are required to cover everything Medicare Part A and Part B cover.

What Is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is the most common serious liver condition in the world, according to the Hepatitis B Foundation. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus which is transmitted through blood or other bodily fluids.

Though it’s preventable and treatable, as many as a million people globally die every year from hepatitis B. You may have the infection — even a chronic case — and still show no signs of infection.

Left untreated, it can develop into a serious liver condition such as cirrhosis or liver cancer.

Differences Between Hepatitis A, B and C
Hepatitis A
Found in infected people’s feces and can be spread by close contact or through contaminated food and water. Hepatitis A does not result in a chronic infection, but you will remain sick for several weeks. Recovery is usually complete and once you have it, you cannot get it again. There is no medication to treat hepatitis A.
Hepatitis B
Spread when blood or bodily fluids from an infected person enters the body of someone who’s not infected. Hepatitis B can be spread through sex, shared needles, accidental exposure on the job or can be transmitted from mother to baby at birth. It can cause serious liver damage, disease or cancer. There is no medication to treat hepatitis B.
Hepatitis C
Spread when blood or bodily fluids pass from an infected to uninfected person through the same methods as hepatitis B. Kills about 20,000 people in the U.S. each year. It can also result in serious liver disease and cancer. Hepatitis C is the leading cause for liver transplants in the U.S. There is no vaccine, but there is medication to treat hepatitis C if it is diagnosed quickly.
Hepatitis B Screening
The only way to tell if you have hepatitis B is to be tested for it. Medicare covers the full cost of a hepatitis B screening test each year if you are at high risk for the virus and have not received a hepatitis B vaccination and the doctor or other provider giving you this test accepts Medicare.

What to Expect from a Hepatitis B Vaccination

The hepatitis B vaccine is considered one of the safest vaccinations available — with more than 1 billion hepatitis B vaccinations given since the first one was introduced. It’s also considered the first anti-cancer vaccine since it can prevent liver cancer caused by the hepatitis B virus.

There are multiple brands of hepatitis B vaccines. These are typically delivered in a three-dose schedule, but a recent version of the vaccine is delivered in just two shots.

Three-Dose Schedule for Hepatitis B Vaccinations in Adults
First Shot
You can receive it at any time.
Second Shot
You should wait at least 28 days after your first shot.
Third Shot
You should wait at least 16 weeks after your first shot and at least eight weeks after your second shot.

In 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved a new hepatitis B vaccine for adults 18 and older which requires only two shots. The brand name is Heplisav-B and the two doses are given one month apart.

Does Medicare Cover Other Types of Hepatitis Vaccinations?

There are five different types of hepatitis (A through E). There are vaccinations available only for hepatitis A and hepatitis B.

While Medicare covers hepatitis B vaccinations, it does not cover hepatitis A vaccinations.

Hepatitis B and C are the most common types of hepatitis. There is no vaccination against hepatitis C, but Medicare does cover screening for hepatitis C.

Last Modified: August 5, 2021

8 Cited Research Articles

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