Terry Turner, writer and researcher for RetireGuide
  • Written by
    Terry Turner

    Terry Turner

    Senior Financial Writer and Financial Wellness Facilitator

    Terry Turner has more than 35 years of journalism experience, including covering benefits, spending and congressional action on federal programs such as Social Security and Medicare. He is a Certified Financial Wellness Facilitator through the National Wellness Institute and the Foundation for Financial Wellness and a member of the Association for Financial Counseling & Planning Education (AFCPE®).

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    Lamia Chowdhury
    Lamia Chowdhury, editor for RetireGuide.com

    Lamia Chowdhury

    Financial Editor

    Lamia Chowdhury is a financial content editor for RetireGuide and has over three years of marketing experience in the finance industry. She has written copy for both digital and print pieces ranging from blogs, radio scripts and search ads to billboards, brochures, mailers and more.

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  • Published: June 29, 2022
  • Updated: October 23, 2023
  • 7 min read time
  • This page features 7 Cited Research Articles
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How to Cite RetireGuide.com's Article

APA Turner, T. (2023, October 23). Bereavement Overload: Coping With Cumulative Grief. RetireGuide.com. Retrieved April 16, 2024, from https://www.retireguide.com/guides/bereavement-overload/

MLA Turner, Terry. "Bereavement Overload: Coping With Cumulative Grief." RetireGuide.com, 23 Oct 2023, https://www.retireguide.com/guides/bereavement-overload/.

Chicago Turner, Terry. "Bereavement Overload: Coping With Cumulative Grief." RetireGuide.com. Last modified October 23, 2023. https://www.retireguide.com/guides/bereavement-overload/.

Experiencing loss is never easy. Whether you experience the death of a loved one, an end to a friendship or the loss of a job, it takes time to process your emotions and heal.

But when you are faced with multiple losses at once, it can be even more overwhelming and painful. This situation is known as bereavement overload.

If you or a loved one are dealing with cumulative grief, then you’ve come to the right place. We’ve put together this comprehensive guide so you can recognize the symptoms and learn healthy ways to cope.

Bereavement Overload Definition

bereavement overload defined

Bereavement overload, also known as cumulative grief, is the way you feel after experiencing one loss after another without having the time and opportunity to cope.

Age increases your chances of experiencing elderly depression because, as you grow older, you experience more deaths of friends and family at a faster rate than you did when you were younger.

Bereavement Overload Risk Factors

bereavement overload risk factors

While some may experience bereavement overload from multiple losses at once, others might experience losses that build up over years.

You could be at higher risk of experiencing grief overload if you:
  • Lack support from friends and family
  • Find emotional expression difficult
  • Have a history of struggles with mental health

It’s also important to note that bereavement overload isn’t only triggered by death. For example, if you lost a relationship, lost your job and a parent was diagnosed with an illness all at once, these compounded difficult circumstances could cause cumulative grief.

How Long Does Cumulative Grief Last?

There is no set time over which cumulative grief takes place. For some people grief might last weeks or months, while for others it could last a lifetime.

While there is no guaranteed way to eliminate your sadness, adopting healthy coping mechanisms will help you move forward.

The Effects of Bereavement Overload

effect of bereavement overload

Effects of bereavement overload include:


It’s common to feel emotionally numb or disconnected from others after a major loss. If you feel numb after the death of a loved one, this could lead to frustration when you see others openly expressing their sadness at a funeral. You might even feel as though you aren’t grieving in the “right” way.

But there isn’t a universal way to grieve. While you might not express yourself in the same way as others, it doesn’t minimize how much you cared about the person you lost.


Avoidance is another natural response to grief. You might avoid activities, places or people who remind you of your loss. While distracting yourself from a loss might act as a temporary solution to pain, overreliance on avoidance could result in the development of complicated grief, a persistent and debilitating bereavement disorder.

Put simply, when you avoid your grief too much, it can extend and exacerbate your feelings of loss.


After experiencing multiple losses, you might think about what you could have done differently. Maybe you feel you could have prevented the death of a family member or that you should have spent more time with them while they were alive. Whether the guilt is rational or not, it can be difficult to let go of.


Grieving multiple losses can be both physically and emotionally overwhelming. Grief can cause loss of appetite, sleep issues, increased blood pressure and anxiety. These effects all contribute to feeling fatigued throughout the day, which can result in a cycle of exhaustion.

How to Cope With Cumulative Grief

Cumulative loss is a tricky problem to deal with. Since it can hit you with many negative side effects while draining your energy, it’s important to choose healthy coping mechanisms. The more you avoid your grief by distracting yourself with TV, work or anything else, the longer your heartache could last.

Below, we’ve outlined healthy strategies to help you cope with grief.

Talk to Someone

talking to someone

A common response to grief is to isolate yourself. You may feel like you’re being a burden on others, or like there’s nobody out there who understands your grief.

When you discuss your loss with a friend or family member, however, it helps you fully process your feelings. Even if they can’t fully understand your grief, it helps to know you have people there to support you.

If you don’t feel comfortable talking with a loved one, check to see if you’re eligible for therapy through Medicare.

Reach out to a loved one and schedule time to get lunch or video chat.

Write a Daily Journal

writing in a daily journal

Keeping a daily journal where you write your thoughts and feelings onto paper is a great way to express your grief. By articulating your emotions, you can better understand yourself while accepting the reality of your loss.

Additionally, research suggests that writing before bed helps you reduce stress and get a better night’s sleep.

Don’t censor yourself. Jot down everything that comes to mind.

Practice Mindfulness

practice mindfulness

Practicing mindfulness means connecting with the present moment. While you might prolong your grief by avoiding your feelings, mindfulness can help you accept the reality of your situation and cope with symptoms from grief.

Studies suggest that mindfulness can promote sleep quality and reduce depressive symptoms. By simply creating a habit of being still and following your breath, you can increase your awareness and process your grief.

Set aside five to ten minutes per day to sit and follow your breath in a peaceful environment.

Create a Daily Routine

create a daily routine

When you’re grieving, it’s easy to forget to prioritize self-care. Having a planned routine, however, helps you to stay on track and prioritize your physical and mental health.

Additionally, research suggests that daily routines can help you feel a sense of purpose, which helps you recover from stress.

Write out a daily to-do list for the following day before you go to sleep.

Practice Gratitude

practice gratitude

While it can be difficult to feel grateful amidst a major loss, it’s worth the effort. Research suggests that practicing gratitude can help people reduce stress and depressive symptoms.

At the start of each day, recite out loud three things you are grateful for.

Compartmentalizing Grief

When you compartmentalize grief, you’re suppressing thoughts and emotions related to your loss. In the short term, compartmentalization can be necessary to continue to function, but too much of it can prolong the time it takes you to mourn.

Signs that you’re compartmentalizing your grief too much include:
  • Excessive TV watching, sleeping or substance use
  • Avoiding anything that reminds you of your lost loved one
  • Isolating yourself from friends and family

In contrast, there are healthier ways to compartmentalize your grief.

Some healthy way to cope with grief include:
Schedule time to grieve
Schedule time to go for a walk or journal where you can sit with your emotions and express yourself.
Meet with a therapist
If you have a time scheduled out each week to meet with a therapist, you can grieve in a safe environment and hold yourself accountable.
Slowly confront your loss
Take your time reintroducing yourself to anything you’ve been avoiding that reminds you of your loss.

Sometimes it’s helpful to put your emotions aside temporarily so you can maintain a semblance of normalcy. But it’s important to be mindful that you aren’t compartmentalizing grief all the time. Scheduling time to grieve can allow you to process cumulative grief at your own pace.

Closing Thoughts

Experiencing bereavement overload can be difficult and overwhelming. You might find yourself feeling fatigued, numb or guilty about your loss. Healthy coping mechanisms such as journaling or seeking support from loved ones can help you cope with your grief and move forward with your life.

Remember that it’s important to take care of yourself both mentally and physically. To learn more about healthy ways you can cope with grief, check out the infographic below.

Download Infographic Button


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Last Modified: October 23, 2023

7 Cited Research Articles

  1. Buckley, T. (2022, April 1). Physiological correlates of bereavement and the impact of bereavement interventions. Retrieved from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.31887/DCNS.2012.14.2/tbuckley
  2. Scullin, M. (2018, Jan). The Effects of Bedtime Writing on Difficulty Falling Asleep: A Polysomnographic Study comparing To-Do Lists and Completed Activity Lists. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5758411/
  3. Black, D. (2015, April). Mindfulness meditation and improvement in sleep quality and daytime impairment among older adults with sleep disturbances: a randomized clinical trial. Retrieved from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25686304/
  4. Lopez-Maya, E. (2019, July 5). Mindfulness meditation and improvement in depressive symptoms among Spanish- and English speaking adults: A randomized, controlled, comparative efficacy trial. Retrieved from: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0219425
  5. Heintzelman, S. (2018, September 18). Routines and Meaning in Life. Retrieved from: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0146167218795133
  6. Schaefer, S. (2013, November 13). Purpose in Life Predicts Better Emotional Recovery from Negative Stimuli. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3827458/#:~:text=Having%20purpose%20in%20life%20may,purpose%20in%20life%20over%20time.
  7. Nelson, C. (2009). Can gratitude be used as a psychological intervention to improve individual well-being? Retrieved from: https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2010-04367-005
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